Preventive care is one of the most crucial components of the patient’s health. Installing good oral habits at an early age plays a major role in any individual’s future wellbeing. Poor oral hygiene creates an environment to harbour bacteria, which untimely leads to dental disease, and it affects other vital systems of the body. There are many products to help the children build their healthy oral habits from the beginning. Proper oral care routine will avoid build-up of plaque, creation of caries, and it will ensure a healthy dentition for a lifetime.
• Daily Oral Care – Brushing, flossing and using an appropriate mouthwash solution should become a part of daily routine starting in infancy. Parent’s approach will be extremely important in creating a pleasant experience for the young child. As the children mature, they will develop their own oral care routine based on their initial experience. Ideally, the teeth should be brushed after every meal, especially after consumption of food high with contents of sugar or caffeine. However, it is recommended to brush teeth at least twice daily, once in the morning and once before retiring at night. The routine should consist of spending one minute of brushing per arch combined with flossing and mouthwash. Pre-brushing mouthwash products loosen the plaque and make the brushing process more effective. Post-brushing solutions create a protective seal and inhibit the growth of bacteria. Electric toothbrushes are more efficient with the removal of plaque and are recommended for children and medically compromised patients with limited hand movements. In addition, daily flossing invigorates the gums and cleans the debris within the interproximal regions of the teeth.
• Dental Visits – Regularly scheduled appointments will ensure proper dental care for the entire family. Each recall appointment consists of comprehensive dental exam, x-rays and consultation with the dentist. Prophylactic cleaning follows the exam, and it is performed by the dental hygienist. This method is most effective in diagnosing any dental diseases, which may otherwise not be detected without regular dental care. When identified early, many oral issues can be resolved with minor treatment. Regular dental care is especially important for patients with genetic disorders, who may be subjected to premature oral cancer or various lesions. Both the dentist and the dental hygienist focus on prevention and will supply the patients with oral care instructions.
• Orthodontic Treatment – This type of treatment consists of correction of malpositioned teeth and guidance of the growth of the jaw. Typically, young children and young adults receive orthodontic appliances to correct the occlusion and help with creating correct chewing habits. Early detection will also improve chances of proper speech development. Traditional braces are still widely used. However, new technology has evolved over the years, and many different corrective methods can now be implemented to meet the needs of any patient including adults, who are seeking aesthetic improvements of their smile. Damon braces have gained much popularity due to the flexibility of the prosthetic. Unlike traditional braces, this technique involves the mechanism that reduces friction and discomfort. The end results are typically quicker, but may require an additional cost. Lingual braces are implemented for patients who experience flaring of their anterior teeth and are concerned about the oral aesthetics. Invisalign braces require wearing a set of plastic trays, which correct the smile line. This process is generally used to correct minor flaws. Potential limitations and risks involved with the orthodontic treatment, such as prospective growth, treatment time and chances of relapse, are always discussed with the patient prior the placement of any appliances.
• Well Balanced Nutritional Plan – Many patients face challenges in interpretation of nutritional information and making correct dietary choices. As a result periodontal disease, oral lesions and childhood caries lead to missing teeth and create unfavourable chewing habits. A healthy diet consists of nutritional intake of food to sustain an individual’s wellbeing. The serving sizes greatly depend on age, gender and level of activity. The recommended dietary considerations specify an abundance of food from plant sources, fish, poultry and limited amounts of dairy products. Excessive amounts of caffeine and sugar-based products will severely compromise the health of oral status and cause severe dental issues, such as rampant caries and loss of teeth. Individuals, who are susceptible to dental decay due to large amount of medication intake or genetic predisposition, should especially be aware of proper nutritional habits.
Preventive dentistry includes many facets. Implementing different methods of treatment ensures patient’s welfare throughout their lifetime. Practices, such as regular dental visits, fluoride treatments, sealants and orthodontic appliances, will prevent the patient from acquiring unwanted physical appearance and aid in overall health status. The areas of prevention can be assessed by the dental professional and help the patient to maintain their teeth. Patient’s cooperation and willingness to follow the instructions is vital and always encouraged.
Author Bio – Jonny Webber is a freelance writer from Manchester who creates content on health, fitness and eco-living. To find out more information on oral hygiene and dental braces visit http://www.braces.org.uk